Neandria

Ancient city with trade and horse

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Neandria is thought to have been founded in 700 BC. So you’re wandering around a city of about 2700 years. When you come from Kayacık village, the southern gate of the city welcomes you. Let’s stand in front of this magnificent granite building and breathe a little and enter the city.

According to the work named Dictys Cretensis Ephemeridos Belli Trojani describing the Trojan Wars, the legendary king Cycnus who fought alongside Troia in the Trojan Wars was from Neandreia. King Cycnus was killed by the legendary Greek Warrior Achilles on the first day of the Trojan War. No archaeological studies have yet been conducted to confirm these. So you are visiting an untouched ancient city that even archaeologists have not dug.

If you go straight after passing through the main gate, you will encounter a plain that divides the city into two parts, east and west. The city is surrounded by walls of 3.2 kilometers in length. The average thickness of the walls is 2.9 meters. It is thought that there were 230 houses in Neandreia which was a big city considering those ages it existed and there were approximately 2,500 people living in it. The western part is rectangular. The houses are in the western part facing the sea. In addition, there are water wells, cisterns still in operation, a drainage system and an infrastructure network. There is also the temple of Apollo, the administrative buildings of the city in the west, and the remains of a theater in the middle.

If you continue to walk towards north leaving your direction of entry behind, when you go down the ancient streets, about 200 – 250 meters later, the first fountain comes up. About 100 meters away, you can drink water from the ancient fountain located a little below one of the smaller cavalry gates of the city, which has been running for almost 2000 year. Looking north from here you can see the Maiden’s Tower, which was used as a Roman period castle, on a hill. According to the legend, one of the Roman governors imprisoned his daughter, who fell in love with a shepherd who lived here, in this castle. He had a balcony built on the high tower of the castle because of his daughter’s pleading that she would die if she did not see her lover constantly. Every evening, the shepherd would somehow burn a fire in the foothills of Neandreia across the castle and greet her and flee before the Roman soldiers arrived. However, when the Roman soldiers captured and killed the young man, she jumped off the balcony and took her life. his Roman castle, when the region was captured by the Ottomans in the time of Orhan Gazi it was used by the Ottomans for a long time since it was located on a hill dominating the neighborhood.

If we go back from the fountain and climb the hillside overlooking the sea, a magnificent view awaits us on our walk over the ruins of the city walls. We see Bozcaada in front of us, Troia region up to the Gallipoli Strait on our right, Ezine and Kumkale plains on our left; magnificent nature, all are under our feet. If you continue the march to the end of the wall, you will reach an altitude of approximately 520 meters, so you can reward yourself with a selfie as though you were a mountain climber or a Trojan hero. Believe me, this view will be astonishing.

If you have an appetite to walk from here, you can now walk east and explore the lower parts of the city, or go back and rest in the village of Kayacık.

To give a bit more information about the history of Neandria, the city, which was affiliated with the Athens Union in the 400s BC, came under the control of the Ruler of Dardanos (Zenis) after the Peloponnesian Wars in 404 BC. Zenis ruled the city on behalf of Pharnabazos, the regional governor of the Persian Empire. In 399 BC, Spartan Commander Dercylidas liberated the city and banished Persian supporters from the city.

 

The city remained independent for a long time. Neandrians, who are engaged in agriculture and livestock in large and fertile lands around them, also became famous with the horses they raised. After a long period of peace and security behind its strong walls, Alexander the Great (Reign: 336 – 325 BC) began the conquest of Asia and the region came under the control of Alexander the Great during this period. After the death of Alexander the Great, his empire was shared among its commanders. Neandria came under the control of Antigonus Monophthalmus (One-eyed Antigon), one of the commanders of Alexander the Great

It is understood from the findings that the life in Neandria continued after that. It is believed that Neandreia continued to exist as a country of Alexandria-Troas until the end of the first century during the Roman Empire

After Kayacık village, we are going to the village of Yahya Çavuş, the hero of the Gallipoli Wars. Everything around Ezine is between Troia and the Ottoman period. For this reason, while visiting Yahya Çavuş’s village and house, we will also see the ancient quarry and ancient columns in the village.

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